THE FIRST SINGING COMPUTER
In Stanley Kubrick’s 1968 science fiction masterpiece, astronaut Dave Bowman is forced to shut down the onboard computer - HAL 9000 - after it malfunctions and kills the rest of the crew on their spacecraft. As Bowman unplugs HAL’s connections one by one, the machine reverts to memories of the first task it performed, on its first day of operation, when it demonstrated its abilities by singing a song (Daisy Bell, written in 1892 by Harry Dacre).
Why that song?
In 1961, the IBM 7094, one of the earliest and largest mainframe computers, became the first computer to play music. The song it performed was “Daisy Bell.” The vocals were programmed by John Kelly and Carol Lockbaum, and the musical accompaniment by Max Mathews.
[Video by Slaven Radovic]
[Posted on blastr and edited here.]
HAL stands for Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic computer.
IBM stands for International Business Machines,
a corporation founded in 1911 to make and sell commercial scales, industrial time recorders, tabulators and punched cards, and, of course, meat and cheese slicers. It might have become a successful delicatessen equipment manufacturer had its CEO not thrown everything into [so-called] “thinking machines.”